The image above is of the Purushkara Yantra. This is a cosmic man figure from the 18th Century. The cosmic body contains the different levels of being.
Yantras such as this one offer a means of Self-realization in the Hindu tradition. They are used in meditation along with a mantra for Self-realization. The yantra represents the relation between the macrocosm and the microcosm. Through meditation on the yantra, one turns within to discover he cosmos within. The Mundaka Upanishad (8:1) speaks of the cosmic man:
“Harih, Om. There is this city of Brahman (the body), and in it the palace, the small lotus (of the heart), and in it that small ether. Now what exists within that small ether, that is to be sought for, that is to be understood.
Carl Jung may have understood that the macrocosm lies within the microcosm when he said:
“The deeper “layers” of the psyche lose their individual uniqueness as they retreat farther and farther into darkness. “Lower down,” that is to say as they approach the autonomous functional systems, they become increasingly collective until they are universalized and extinguished in the body’s materiality… Hence “at bottom” the psyche is simply “world.”… in the symbol the world itself speaking. (Carl Jung, CW 9i, para 291)
- The Archetypes and The Collective Unconscious (Collected Works of C.G. Jung Vol.9 Part 1)